Melatonin is a natural kind of hormone which is produced in the human body in order to regulate the circadian rhythm or the sleep wake cycle. This is also termed as the darkness hormone of the human body. Melatonin is released from the pineal gland of the brain of people during darkness. In daytime, the activity of melatonin is covered up in the nervous system. As age increases, melatonin production will become slow. Consequently, jet lag will result to significant loss of sleep in people.
From one individual to another, the proper way of melatonin dosage can vary. Usually, an individual is recommended to start with a very small dose like 1 mg. When necessary, the amount can be increased in a gradual manner. You may also opt for pills which are available from 1 mg to 3 mg doses. Some studies have suggested that smaller doses as well as large doses are similarly effective. From the studies of MIT, it was determined that in order to facilitate sleep in melatonin three to ten times the amount is needed.
The EMA has allowed 2 mg circa din for patients who are 55 years old or older to undergo short term treatment within 13 or more weeks. During the menopausal period, women who are experiencing loss of sleep due to hormonal changes can make use of cream. This cream can be used for extensive period of time. Aside from cream, melatonin can be obtained in the form of liquid, capsules, tablets and a lot more. This can also be accessible as a prescription drug that has a trade name of circa din.
In case of sleep disturbance, melatonin is extremely effective. However, the response of individuals can vary and they will need various dosages in order to obtain the desired result. For healthy individuals, low dose of melatonin can lead to different side effects if they take it for a longer period of time like for greater than three months. Individuals who are taking 3 mg dose or more on a daily basis would experience some unwanted side effects like irritability, grogginess, reduced blood flow, nausea, hormone fluctuations, headache and nightmares or vivid dreams. Melatonin can also cause drowsiness. If you take melatonin, it is best not to operate any kind of machinery or avoiding driving.